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HEIWA845

"HEIWA" means peace in Japanese.

We hold a lecture presented by our honorary principle, Dr.Nakamura, at our morning meeting. This mini lecture is about HEIWA, peace in Japanese, and is given at 8:45am every Wednesday.
Its contents of the weekly lecture will be posted here in this HEIWA Lecture Page every week.

The 46th lecture HEIWA845 June 13th (Wed), Our goal is HEIWA, FIRST

国会議事堂
The parliament house

Showa 20th was the biggest turning point since Japanese history began. It was when we started to build HEIWA from the new concept of values. On the next year, Showa 21 January 1st, the emperor made a human being declaration. Let us ponder what this declaration meant. When speaking about HEIWA, what matters the most is the Constitution of Japan. It may sound difficult, but it's worth trying. Wen need to learn something from those Japanese people at that time recovering from the damages they went through. The supplies were very scarce, but there were hopes in their hearts. You could hear "Apple's song" all over the place as if it was upraising them.

The 46th lecture streamed on YouTube

The 45th lecture HEIWA845 June 6th (Wed), Sir Kantaro Suzuki, Fourth, Potsdam Declaration and the certificate to end the war.

The statue of Churchill
The statue of Churchill located in London

1. Any and all the obstacles must be eliminated in order to achieve democracy for Japanese citizens.
The followings must be promised: freedom of speech, religion, and opinions. It is now declared that we surrender without any condition. Any circumstances other than that must be destroyed promptly. These points are written on Potsdam Declaration.

2. "Bear off what's hard to bear off, to make the world peace and open" was the true intent of the emperor. Sir Suzuki told that the emperor cried with tears when he decided to end the war.

The 45th lecture streamed on YouTube

The 44th lecture HEIWA845 May 30th (Wed), Sir Kantaro Suzuki, Third

images,lost in the war
loss in the war, illustration

That August in Showa 20 was to decide the outcome of WWII. When it was seen objectively, it was obvious that Japan was losing soon, however, there were still some soldiers capable of fighting left and so some people were taking it serious that the battle would take place on the main island.

People would all get confused just like SENGOKU (war) period hundreds ago in the history. The official meetings were held many times. The debates and discussion went on forever. At this timing, Sir Suzuki conducted what he planned in his mind for a long time.

Today's peaceful world has made up of those sacrifices. Heiwa is not something just coming out of nowhere.

The 44th lecture streamed on YouTube

The 43rd lecture HEIWA845 May 23rd (Wed), Sir Kantaro Suzuki, Second

images
GOZEN meeting from Wikipedia

Sir Kaztaro Suzuki became Prime Minister as the age of 78. I would like to tell you how he felt, what was on his mind, how he saw the war itself, and what he was going to do in his last moment. He was the true soldier who know how precious the peace was. And that's why he took his time contemplating the strategy how to save the country. His biggest stage was the meeting called GOZEN meeting. It was related with the relationship with the emperor, the constitution, and the Potsdam Declaration. We need to learn that soldiers' mission was to protect civic lives, meaning that it is to protect our peace in lives.

The 43rd lecture streamed on YouTube

The 42nd lecture HEIWA845 May 16th (Wed), Sir Kantaro Suzuki, First

Kantaro Suzuki
Sir Kantaro Suzuki from Wikipedia

Sir Kantaro Suzuki was called the premier who saved the country. Let's go through his trajectory. He was graduated from Momoi grade school and Gunma junior high (current Maebashi high school) and then entered the naval academy. He was shooted by a mob in the 2.26 incident. It was his decision made at the end of World War II, which saved Japan. He was a military man, who asked for peace more than anybody. He was sworn in as Prime Minister at the age of 78. It was his time when all the incidents such as A-bomb on Hiroshima and Nagasaki, the Potsdam Declaration, and the announcement of our defeat by the emperor. Also, we should know more about his relationship with Motohiko Katori.

The 42nd lecture streamed on YouTube

The 41st lecture HEIWA845 May 9th (Wed), The battle in Saipan, First

tank left in Saipan
An old worn-out tank left in Saipan

Saipan is located 2,250 km away from Tokyo. They all believed that we would lose if Saipan would fall. It was Saipan that would decide our fate. America had already got B-29, which was the fortress in the sky, ready to go. It could fly continuously for 5,600 km. It flew 10,000m up with the speed of 600 km per hour, with 4 tons of bomb loaded. They wanted to take over Saipan to make an attack over the main island using B-29. That's why Iwo Island was needed for them as a place to supply. On the other hand, we positioned Saipan as the center of the national defense area. They were approaching day by day, taking over Saipan, Tinian Island, Guam....one by one. There were a lot of native residents on the island, whose lives we would easily imagined were desturbed in a short period of time.

The 41st lecture streamed on YouTube

The 39th lecture HEIWA845 April 25th (Wed), The battle in Iwo island, First

Its location in relation to the main island

US military was guradually encroaching. Iwo island (Iwo jima) is located 1,500 kilometers away from Tokyo. Its size is as small as Yamanote line. They thought a week was enough to take over the island. Sir lieutenant Kuribayashi's plan went well to prevent them from succeeding it. His plan was a guerrilla under the ground. What was that guerrilla battle was like? Moreover, what was he like, lieutanant Kuribayashi? This island was the key place as they could attack any cities on the main island if they occupy there. Lieutanant Kuribayashi was famous as he made US military suffer the most. There was no river or any springwater on this island. Nothing was more precious than a drop of water here. There was a mass opinion rising in the states which was "Don't let any more young soldiers of us die in the war." What was the next step that they chose then?

The 39th lecture streamed on YouTube

The 38th lecture HEIWA845 April 18th (Wed), The battle in Papua New Guinea, Third

Yamamoto Bunker
Deep in the ocean in Papua New Guinea

This is the final episode of the battle of Papua New Guinea. Let me explain what the peace means truely and what our sacrifices were for using the pictures I took when I visited there in 2001. History repeats itself. It's time for us to make use of this experience, having lots of sacrifices, to a more peaceful world. We will talk about Crossing over Salawaket which left lots of dead, which as well as the school where I delivered stationery. Those southern islands are now exposed to risk. In that point, we, as Japanese, serve them with competence.

The 38th lecture streamed on YouTube

The 37th lecture HEIWA845 April 4th (Wed), The battle in Papua New Guinea, Second

Yamamoto Bunker
Yamamoto Bunker

Rabaul was very important for both Japan and America. Therefore Japanese army did their utmost to defend it. Marshal Isoroku Yamamoto, who left here to visit the battlefront, was shooted down by the hostile. It was because the secret code was cracked. That news made them happy as the big outcome during the WWII. I will talk about the triangle including Isoroku Yamamoto, Shigeyoshi Inoue, Mitsumasa Yonai, who were against the war as well as three-party alliance. Let's think about why we could not avoid the war upon the disaster on there.

The 37th lecture streamed on YouTube

The 36th lecture HEIWA845 March 28th (Wed), The battle in Papua New Guinea, First

tank
Tanks that used to belong to Japanese army

I visited Papua New Guinea as a commemorative pilgrimage in 2001. The beautiful ocean and the jungle used to be the battle field. Papua New Guinea refused to align with America and Australia, and became the last fort for Japan. There were wreckage of Zero's in Rabaul, and the Dampier Straits that swallowed soldeirs were there, combering. I left there on October 21st. It was right after September 11 attacks struck at New York, the United States of America. History repeats itself. To prevent it from repeating, it is now very important to look back at the battle field.

The 36th lecture streamed on YouTube

The 35th lecture HEIWA 845 March 21st (Wed), The battle in Okinawa Third

a girl with a white flag
A girl with a white flag

We will talk about the white girl's afterward, the tragedy of the Tsushima, Senkan Yamato, the Kamikaze attack. These are fragments of the Okinawa Battle, and we need to find out what those fragments are telling us at the present time. These fragments are there to compose of what we call "Peace". Now we are forgetting this facts and the tragic history is going to be repeated now. We must hurry to stop people from forgetting in order not to waste their sacrifice. We are now hearing the war's approaching footsteps so now is the time to stand up. A blurry vainness is slowly prevailing our heart and soul.

The 35th lecture streamed on YouTube

The 34th lecture HEIWA 845 March 14th (Wed), The battle in Okinawa Second

The Peace Memorial Park located in the Mabuni Hill area of Itoman city

The battle of Okinawa tells us how disastrous it was to drag citizens into the war. It helps us to imagine what would have happened if the war invated into the main land. Those who were brainwashed that being a captive was a shame and the hostile was savage, decided to end their lives on their own. On April 1st in 1945 (Showa 20th), the hostile steppend on Okinawa, then on June 18th the Himeyuri corps killed themselves, on June 23rd, all soldiers of our own were destroyed.

The 34th lecture streamed on YouTube

The 33rd lecture HEIWA 845 March 7th (Wed), The battle in Okinawa First, The Himeyuri Corps

himeyuri
The Himeyuri Cenotaph located in Itoman, Okinawa.

These girls were called out for nursing care, and died in the war. I cried to see high school students crying over the girls in the Himeyuri Peace Museum. The Himeyuri Student Corps represents how tragic it was, the only war in WWII embroiling citizen. Those young girls were dying crying out "I don't want to die yet". We should not conclude this with this is how the war goes. I would like to approach the Heimeyuri Corps' last in order to see the picture of Okinawa Battle. Okibawa was the final fort before the war in the main land, and so was ended up sacrifice. It is necessary to know more about the battle of Okinawa to learn what WWII was about.

The 33rd lecture streamed on YouTube

The 32nd lecture HEIWA 845 Feb 28th (Wed), modern Olympics, 6th, Paralympics

boxing
Marathon in Wheelchair

Paralympics is the word combining "parallel" with "Olympics". It means "Another Olympic game" and is held for disabled people. It is impressive to see them performing lively by overcoming any difficulty. Paralympics is telling us that there will be more chance for us to make this world a better place.

The 32nd lecture streamed on YouTube

The 31st lecture HEIWA 845 Feb 21st (Wed), modern Olympics, 5th, Beijing Olympic in 2008

boxing
Tiananmen Square in Beijing

Its opening ceremomny was started at 8 o'clock on August 8th, 2008. The record number of 204 countries had joined. Our leader with the flag was Ai Fukuhara. The venue was called "Birds' Nest" whose cacpacity is a hundred thousand. The official motto for this Olympics was "One World, One Dream". Its goal was to build a modern worldwide city, to show their dignity to the world. In order to achieve the goal, Beijing needed to unit the country and stable society. Let's review what seemed to be lost, and what had gained. China had become one by overcoming conflicts between ethnic group, growth and gaps, and a single-party domination by communist. Beijing Olympic let the world know how China had greatly changed.

The 31st lecture streamed on YouTube

The 30th lecture HEIWA 845 Feb 14th (Wed), modern Olympics, Fourth, Tokyo Olympic in 1964

boxing
Olympics, track and field

Tokyo Olympic was held in Showa 39, which was 1964. Its outsome was great enough to prove that Japan had already recovered from serious war damages. It was also at that time when color TV and Shinkansen came out. Japan has become one by Tokyo Olympic. However, a voice was heard, saying that we need to pay more attention to human sensation than materials.

We, Japanese, were very impressed with Japanese volleyball team called "Eastern witches", Mr.Tsuburaya who won Bronze medal at marathon, and Geesink who beaten Team Japan at Judo.

Olympic is now facing its turning point. Another Tokyo Olympic game is coming soon in 2 years. What are the lessons learned in the previous Tokyo Olympic? "Gorin Ondo" is playing endlessly in my head.

The 30th lecture streamed on YouTube

The 29th lecture HEIWA 845 Feb 7th (Wed), modern Olympics, Third

boxing
Muhammad Ali who won the light heavyweight Olympic gold medal

What impress you the most during the festival of Peace, which is Olympics, is all the players that are trying to see the limits.

However, there are differences in race, skin color, religion, and culture in the background, and it is meaningful to support peace by overcoming them, to become one.

From that point of view, let's talk about Muhammad Ali, Abebe, Ben Johnson, Jesse Owens, and Cathy Freeman as well as its history and the truth about discrimination. These topics are very important for us to establish a peaceful environment.

The 29th lecture streamed on YouTube

The 28th lecture HEIWA 845 Jan 31st (Wed), modern Olympics, Second

Barcelona
Olympic, Barcelona '92

Olympic is supposed to be the festival of Peace. It is suppored with friendship, bond, and fair play. Today we have two examples for you.

One is the incident that took place in Olympic Barcelona. Ms.Derartu Tulu from Ethiopia, who won the women's marathon 1000m, waited for Elana Meyer and finished the winning run, hand in hand with her. Elana is from South Africa.

The other example is the case about Vanderlei Cordeiro de Lima in Olympic Athens. He was leading the marathon, until he was attacked by a guy who pushed him out of the course that caused him 15 delay im time. In the end, he won the bronze medal.

The 28th lecture streamed on YouTube

The 27th lecture HEIWA 845 Jan 24th (Wed), modern Olympics, First

modern Olympics

Modern Olympic has been started in Athens, proposed by Mr.Coubertin. At that time, what he aimed for was the friendship and World Peace through sports, however, it is turning out that there has been a lot of problems arising such as politic conflicts and only win or lose game. Let's find out all kinds of problem we are facing by studying carefully about Olympic. Now is the perfect time to look at its history when a lot of people are confused and there are little voices of crisis hearing all over the world.

The 27th lecture streamed on YouTube

The 26th lecture HEIWA 845 Jan 17th (Wed), Ms.Tomi Kora, the first female Japanese politician, who visited The camp in Siberia.

Tomi Kora
Tomi Kora (1878年―1953年)

Tomi Kora is known as the first upper house member right after WWII, also known as the first female politician who visited to see the camp in Siberia, having taken a risk in breaking the law. What she faced there was the "artificial" environment.

All the Japanese there cried out by looking at the luggage with Rising Sun flag, Hinomaru. Her grand father was Mr.Tajima Yahei who was called "Saint of Gunma" and her mother was a graduate of Meabashi girl's high school.

The people she met at the camp were war criminals, therefore they were not allowed to send letters. But Tomi did her best to change it and they have gotten allowed to do that. They were astonished to see how much their home country were changing through magazines. It was 1956, the year of restoring relations, when they were allowed to go home. It was 1952 when Tomi landed on Siberia.

The 26th lecture streamed on YouTube

The 25th lecture HEIWA 845 January 10th (Wed), Siberian forced internment, Third - Thank you letter for Marshal Stalin

Marshal Statlin
Marshal Stalin (1878年―1953年)

I got a copy of "Thank you letter for Marshal Stalin" at National paleography museum at Khabarovsk. We had to go through a time-consuming process to get a permission. Its contents unveiled how much they flattered Stalin. It said that Stalin was the best genius ever, and the best alpha that led all the labor. Moreover, it was describing us, Japanese, as Slave labor under the Capitalist, and it was critisizing Japanese Capitalist class as thievish Imperialist and flagitious Eastern redcap. This is exactly typical masochistic description of someone. Japanese labors waited in a long line and rushed forward to sign on this letter. We need to reflect how they were feeling back then, one more time.

The 25th lecture streamed on YouTube

The 24th lecture HEIWA 845 December 20th Wednesday, Siberian forced internment, Second

women waiting for the ship that was packed with returners
Women waiting for the ship that was packed with returners from Siberia, at Maiduru.

They felt tremendously nostalgic, claving for their hometown. They sang a song called "Mount in a foreign country" which resonanting over Siberia. It was believed that those turned into communists would be allowed to go back home. In that severe situation, they had no choice but betraying each other under the name of "democracy".

Not so long after that, that day when they would be freed was nearing.

They could not believe it until the land of Siberia was out of sight finally.

There was no words to describe how happy they felt when the land of Japan showed up in front of them.

There were old mothers who waited for their son for too long, others were wives who waited for their husbands. Maiduru port was full of people with joy and tears. Those who made it to the land of home luckily, had never forget those who passed away because of cold and scarce food.

The 24th lecture streamed on YouTube

The 23rd lecture HEIWA 845 December 13th Wednesday, Siberian forced internment, First

へいわ845第23回シベリア強制抑留
One of exhibition copying the room in Siberia back in 1940's, in Memorial Museum for Soldiers, Detainees in Siberia, and Postwar Repatriates

At the year of the end of the war, about 600,000 Japanese were interned in Siberia, and 60,000 people of them had died because of hunger, severe weather, and harsh labor.Most of the rest of them who survived it have already passed away by now. You never learn how precious it is to live in peace without having despaired in missing home.

They began forcing Japanese to move to Siberia in the fall of 1945, and it was the end of 1956 when the last man has stepped on the land of the home.

I received a letter called "Thank you letter for Stalin", in which I was the first Japanese to receive, describing how sad Japanese people were feeling back then.

To continue this story, let's talk about the first female member of Congress who visited the camp, whose name was Tomi Kora next week.

The 23nd lecture streamed on YouTube

The 22nd lecture HEIWA 845 December 6th Wednesday, HIROSHIMA, Second

へいわ845第22回ヒロシマ
Harry S. Truman, President of the United States
In office:from April 12th,1945 till January 20th,1953

The one hit on Hiroshima was called "Little Boy", and the other in Nagasaki was "Fat Man". It was Kyoto which was targetted to the end, but the target was narrowed down to Hiroshima, Kokura, Nagasaki, Niigata at the end of July. They wanted to carry out before the Soviet Union would join.

In the meantime, President Roosevelt passed away in April.

  • What are the Big 3 Nuclear-free principles?
  • Nuclear-free declaration by local authorities
  • Japan covers the three-fourths of its local authorities. The first city that declared it was Manchester.

The nuclear-capable nations are:1.United Stattes of America, 2.Russia, 3.China, 4.France, 5.England, 6.Israel, 7.India, 8.Pakistan. ..... North Korea.

  • Russell-Einstein Manifesto

The 22nd lecture streamed on YouTube

The 21st lecture HEIWA 845 Novevmber 29th Wednesday, HIROSHIMA, First

HEIWA845 HIROSHIMA
HIROSHIMA(in 1945)

Currently, the biggest threat to humanbeing is "nuclear". Japan is the first nuclear-bombed country throughout the human history. That's why it is necessary for us, Japanese, to have knowledge of "nuclear", not only as a Japanese citizen but also as a world member of Planet.

Why was the atomic bomb created?

What is the principle of the atomic bomb?

Why was it Japan that the bomb struck?

Nuclear is being spread over the world. You can not have your own opinion without correct knowledge and information. First, let's begin with the fact that it was bombed on HIROSHIMA in August 6th, 1945. Now, "nuclear" is becoming a new problem in the world.

The 21st lecture streamed on YouTube

The 20th lecture HEIWA 845 Novevmber 22nd Wednesday, Chiune Sugihara, Second

HEIWA845 20th
Lithuanian stamp with Chiune, issued in 2004

The end of the war also struck him and he was captured by Soviet, being sent back to Japan through the trans-Siberian Railway. Evantually, he left the embassy.

Many years later, he heard from Israeli embassy. It was Nishri that was waiting for him. Chiune's visa saved Nishri's life, and he searched for Chiune for years. He was holding that visa in his hand. Chiune received the prize called Righteous among the Nations presented by Israel.

Chiune passed away the next year at the age of 86. He carried out respect for human rights through his entire life and devoted his lifetime to World Peace.

Sugihara Chiune, the movie
Lithuania's location

The 19th lecture HEIWA 845 Novevmber 15th Wednesday, Chiune Sugihara, First

へいわ845第19回
Chiune Sugihara(January 1st,1900―July 31st,1986)
Japanese diplomat

Sugihara is the one who helped thousands of Jews flee Europe by issuing transit visas during World War II. It was the time when Hitler was trying to kill Jews, and those who were escaping that situation desperately asked for visas.

Japan had Tripartite Pact with Germany and Italy, therefore it was hard for Japan to issue visas which might result in opposite action against Germany.

Sugihara took it on himself to issue without the goverment's permission.

What urged him to do so is humanism, and Bushido, which means Samurai spirit. Those are now what we, Japanese, are missing and to need to gain one more time.

The 19th lecture streamed on YouTube

The 16th lecture HEIWA 845 October 25th Wednesday, Martin Luther King Jr. Second

heiwa845 15th
Martin Luther King Jr. taken in 1963

Today's pick-up points

  1. Atlanta used to be famous as the town of "Gone with the wind", but now it is called "Town of Disobedience" , or "Martin Luther King's town".
  2. How John F. Kennedy helped King, about the anti-black group called KKK in that time, and the incident where Rosas Parks was arrested in the bus.
  3. Nonviolent civil disobedience won in Supreme court proving that King was right.
  4. The famous line, "I have a dream", made buring the presentation by King
  5. About Nobel Peace Prize
  6. About Assassination of Martin Luther King Jr.

The 16th lecture streamed on YouTube

The 15th lecture HEIWA 845 October 18th Wednesday, Martin Luther King Jr. First

heiwa845 15th
Martin Luther King Jr.
(January 15, 1929 – April 4, 1968)
American Baptist minister and an activist

Even after the slavery was demolished, they still continued to discriminate against black people. Black people must be treated equal under any circumstances. They would all know that reasonably, but the ideal world would not come true without any actual steps. Martin Luther King Jr. is the one who fought for the black human's rights. He was impressed most by the book about Mahatma Gandhi, which described his nonviolent civil disobedience. He became to believe that what went well in India would go well in the states as well. Over time, he became the leader who asked for the justice for blacks.

The 15th lecture streamed on YouTube

The 14th lecture HEIWA 845 October 11th Wednesday, Mahatma Gandhi, Second

heiwa845 14th
Portraits on Indian bills called Rupee are all Gandhi's

"Mahatma" means Great Spirit. He lead India an independent nation by employing non-violence and disobedience. Among great political leaders who followed him, Albert Einstein, Martin Luther King Junior, and Dalai Lama are found. Especially Albert Einstein was greatly influenced by him, moreover, Osamu Tezuka was inspired by Gandhi fighting against England, to write Astroboy. He wrote the letter called "To all Japanese people", to critisize Japanese militarism. He was assassinated at the age 78.

The 14th lecture streamed on YouTube

The 13th lecture HEIWA 845 October 4th Wednesday, Mahatma Gandhi, First

へいわ845第12回
Mahatma Gandhi, spinning the wheel to yarn
(2 October 1869 – 30 January 1948)

Gandhi is unofficially called the Father of the Nation, and he was born On October 2nd, 1869. His birthday, 2 October, is commemorated in India as Gandhi Jayanti, a national holiday, and worldwide as the International Day of Nonviolence.

India used to be England's colony at that time. Gandhi was the leader of teh Indian independence movement, employing nonviolent civil disobedience.

He boycotted British goods including any British clothing, and wore only cottony cloth weaved with Traditional Indian facture.

His disobedience, including Salt March against the tax on salt, got lots of attentions from all over the world.

All he had on the last day of his life, were one handy toilet, a goat, a walking stick, a spinning wheel.

The 13th lecture streamed on YouTube

The 12th lecture HEIWA 845 September 27th Wednesday, Jean Henri Dunant, Second

へいわ845第12回
Thomas Jouannet as Jean Henri Dunant, from the movie, Red On The Cross(2006)

Summary about Red Cross, established by Dunant

  • The World Red Cross and Red Crescent Day is set on 8th May, celebrating his birthday.
  • Hakuaisha, which was established in 1877 during Satsuma Rebellion (so called Seinan War), is the predecessor of Japan Red Cross.
  • Geneva Convention was signed by Japanese government in 1886. Hakuaisha became Japan Red Cross next year after that.
  • Japan Red Cross sent their people to the devastated area when Mt.Bandaisan erupted in 1888, for the first time for a natural disaster, other than wars and conflicts.
  • It was Sino-Japanese War that Japan Red Cross sent their human resources outside the country for the first time, for the international matters and conflicts.

The 12th lecture streamed on YouTube

The 11th lecture HEIWA 845 September 20th Wednesday, Jean Henri Dunant, First

へいわ845第11回
Jean Henri Dunant
(8 May 1828 – 30 October 1910)
Swiss businessman and the founder of the Red Cross

Dunan was born as the eldest son of the old family well-known in Switzerland. He dropped out of a private preppy school due to his poor academic results. After that, he achieved in YMCA(Young Men's Christian Association), and later on he proposed to make YMCA a global organization. After a while, it came true as World Alliance of YMCAs established in Paris.

His words, "Tutti fratelli" (All are brothers), is now well known over the world.

In 1901, Dunant was awarded the first-ever Nobel Peace Prize, and its prize was all donated to the Red Cross.

His birthday, 8 May, is celebrated as the World Red Cross and Red Crescent Day. And so now he is called Father of the Red Cross. Its activity guradually had expanded from relief of captives, to support of victims after disasters.

The 11th lecture streamed on YouTube

The 10th lecture HEIWA 845 September 13th Wednesday, Nightingale, Second

an image for HEIWA 845
During the Crimean War, Florence Nightingale Nursing at the Hospital

Nightingale who was called "Angel in white" or "Angel with a lamp", was also known as Angel of Peace. Injured soldiers leared how foolish the war could be and how precious the world with peace was through her presence. And what she was trying to achieve was broadly known throughout the world. It became the basis for National Red Cross to be founded later.

Her policy, which are:

  1. We take care of the sick regardless of friend or foe.
  2. Nurses must be protected under any circumstances.
  3. Our flag has a red cross on white color to show that it's a hospital.

These form the base of the Geneva Convention now.

The 10th lecture streamed on YouTube

The 9th lecture HEIWA 845 September 6th Wednesday, Nightingale, First

an image for HEIWA 845
Florence Nightingale(Died age 90)
The founder of modern nursing
Born in May 12th, 1820(Edo period in Japan)
  • She died age 90, in 1910 which was Meiji 43, the year of Korean annexation.
  • She devoted herself to taking care of injured soldiers in the Crimean war.
  • May 12th, which is her birthday was established as International Nurses Day,IND.
  • The Florence Nightingale Faculty of Nursing and Midwifery is located at King's College in London. This is the first unreligious nursing school in the history.
  • Back in those days, nurses were considered as servants who were to take care of patients in hospitals and it was considered a profession without the need for expertise.
  • One of her well-known lines are "Angels are those who fight for the sick."

The 9th lecture streamed on YouTube

The 8th lecture HEIWA 845 August 30th Wednesday, Mother Teresa, Second

an image for HEIWA845
Mother Teresa (Died Age 87)

Here's Mother Teresa's speech given at the lecture presented in Japan.

"I see a great poverty in spirits in this country. What we call a serious poverty for humanbeings is that you think there's no one who need you and you seem abandoned by the society."

She gave her hand to comfort solitary people who were dying at NIRMAL RIDAY(The Home for the Sick and Dying Destitue).

She built SHANTI NAGAR (Village of the peace) to save and comfort leprosy patients.

Also, she collected donations for orphans and built SHISHU BHAWAN(The home for the orphans) to welcome and have them to live.

India, Calcutta, everyday life on the street

street in Kolkata
street in Kolkata
street in Kolkata
street in Kolkata

The 8th lecture streamed on YouTube

The 7th lecture HEIWA 845 August 23rd Wednesday, Mother Teresa, First

image for heiwa lecture
Mother Teresa(Died age 86)
Catholic nun
The founder of the Missionaries of Charity

Summary

  1. NIRMAL RIDAY(The Home for the Sick and Dying Destitue), SHISHU BHAWAN(The home for the orphans), SHANTI NAGAR(Village of the peace)
  2. "The hungry, the naked, the homeless, the crippled, the blind, the lepers, all those people who feel unwanted, unloved, uncared for throughout society, people that have become a burden to the society and are shunned by everyone"
  3. She took care of anybody who needed help regardless of their physical condition or religion. She was a fervent Catholics.When she received the Nobel Peace Prize along with the award, $192,000, she decided to give it away to the poor in Calcutta.
  4. You will see the sign that emphasizes "DYING" at the NIRMAL RIDAY(The Home for the Sick and Dying Destitue).

The 7th lecture streamed on YouTube

The 6th lecture HEIWA 845 August 16th Wednesday, Wangari Maathai, Second

image for heiwa lecture
Wangari Muta Maathai(Died age 71)
Kenyan environmental
political activist
Kenya Location

1. Green Belt Movement

2. There was a big threat as desertification, was spreading over Kenya.

3. She planted more than 30 million trees with Kenyan females.

Which resulted in women having more choices in making money by selling the fruits from the plants.

4. Significance of grassroots movement

You don't have to do a big thing such as a national project to change the world. All you have to do is to take care of your own thing one at a time, and it will grow a movement to influence around you.

5. Greens absorb CO2.

6. Meaningless consumption would harm the enviroment.

If you deal with your stuff with care, the world will be peaceful eventually.

The 6th lecture streamed on YouTube

The 5th lecture HEIWA 845 August 9th Wednesday

image for heiwa lecture
Wangari Muta Maathai(1940―2011)
Kenyan environmental political activist

When you think about World Peace, it is essetial to consider Ethnicity, Women rights, and environments at the same time.

Wangari Maathai was born and raised in Republic of Kenya. She became the first African female Nobel laureate for "her contribution to sustainable development, democracy and peace". She was very impressed with the word, "MOTTAINAI", on her first visit to Japan, and that word was repeated by her with all the attendants in the Women's Committee in the United Nations, to start MOTTAINAI campaign. Soon after that, she was named a United Nations Messenger of Peace.

One of her works is "The Green Belt Movement:Sharing the Approach and the Experience" and its Japanese version is available as "モッタイナイで地球は緑になる".

The 5th lecture streamed on YouTube

The 4th lecture HEIWA 845 August 4th Wednesday

Nelson Mandera
Nelson Mandela (1918-2013), former Prsident of South African Republic
South Africa location

South Africa was a country of intense racial discrimination. This discrimination is called apartheid.

Mandela was strongly against this practice, and had been imprisoned for 27 years. He spent his time studying in prison and got a bachelor's degree in law there.

After the release, Nobel Peace Prize was given to him due to his contribution for the crusade against apartheid.

The apartheid was gradually and peacefully ended and he founded a new democracy in South Africa.He was elected as the first President by the first election that all of the citizen participated regardless of race. He devoted hihmself in understanding and cooperation in ethnic and race.

You can listen to the whole lecture on YouTube

The third lecture HEIWA 845 July 26th Wednesday

Malala Yousafzai image
Malala Yousafzai (age 20), Pakistani activist for female education

World Peace is sustained by certain people who are making efforts at risk to their lives.

As we take peace for granted just like air, it's time for us to learn from those people.

In this series we will cover Malala Yousafzai, Wangari Muta Maathai, Nelson Mandela etc, who got the Nobel Peace Prize.

Today I will talk about a Muslim girl, Malala. We shall learn the preciousness of peace, how to keep peace, from the way she lives her life.

You can listen to the whole lecture on YouTube

The second lecture HEIWA 845 July 19th Wednesday

United Nations Headquarter located in New York United Nations Headquarter located in New York

What triggers a war? Looking back over the history, it was a mistaken nationalism that considered domestic interests first, without looking at other countries. As it seems impossible that the world is becoming one ideal country for the moment, each country must discuss to create rules to follow.

It was League of Nations that was created from the reflection of World War I.

Evantually League of Nations ended up in failure and United Nations has been formed after World War II instead and hitherto existing up until now.

Its main purpose in their activity is to keep the world in peace.

HEIWA lecture in the morning

Today's morning lecture

The first lecture HEIWA 845 July 12th Wednesday

Folded paper crane

HEIWA, meaning peace in Japanese, represents a peaceful world without wars. Human history has been made of wars ever since its origin. Even at the present time, there are wars out there throughout the world and what is most needed is peace in such time.Our current country has re-started from the defeat in World War II 70 years ago and our Japanese Constitution, which is our origin, was born in the defeat.

Japanese Constitution holds out the following three principles:

  1. Sovereignty of the people
  2. Respect for the fundamental human rights
  3. Pacifism

In the preamble of the Constitution, it is written that we establish that all of our humanbeing in the world have the right to be free from fear and starving, and live in peace.

Dr.Nakamura giving us a lecture

Our honorary principle, Dr.Nakamura, giving a lecture about Peace

All responsibilities on the pages lies with Norio Nakamura Office.

Dr.Norio Nakamura Profile:
Graduated from Tokyo University.
A member of the Japan P.E.N. Club.